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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10564/4021

Title: Biological Dose Evaluation of Radiotherapy by Equivalent Dose in 2Gy fractions (EQD2) in Recurrent Glioblastoma.
Other Titles: 再発膠芽腫における放射線治療の生物学的線量評価 : 2Gy等価線量換算値(EQD2)による検討
Authors: Yamaki, Kaori
Wakai, Nobuhide
Matsuda, Ryosuke
Miyasaka, Toshiteru
Inooka, Nobuyoshi
Inoue, Kazuya
Miura, Sachiko
Asakawa, Isao
Hasegawa, Masatoshi
Keywords: Glioblastoma
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: 奈良医学会
Citation: Journal of Nara Medical Association Vol.73 No.1,2,3 p.11-20 (2022.06)
Abstract: The standard treatment for glioblastoma is surgery followed by radiation therapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy. A total dose of 60 Gy given in 2 Gy fractions (fr) with the concurrent and adjuvant TMZ has been recommended; however, local recurrences are frequent and the prognosis remains very poor. In this study, the equivalent dose in 2Gy fr (EQD2) in the recurrent site of glioblastoma was assessed to evaluate the biological effect of RT on glioblastoma considering that α/β ratios might vary from 1 to 10 Gy. Recurrences were found in gross tumor volume (GTV) areas in all 11 patients, and 8 of them also showed recurrence in clinical target volume (CTV). Differences in EQD2 according to α/β ratios were relatively small in high-dose areas around 60 Gy; however, low-dose areas often showed significant differences of EQD2 according to the α/β ratios. In patients that received 60 Gy in 2 Gy fr, EQD2 was less than the original physical dose and became smaller as the α/β ratio became smaller. The comparison of the dose distribution of EQD2 and dose volume histogram (DVH) of EQD2 between α/β ratios 1 and 10 suggested that little difference was found in relatively high-dose areas but a significant difference was found in lowdose areas. In contrast, if the fraction size was larger than 2 Gy, EQD2 was greater than the original physical dose and it became larger as the α/β ratio became smaller. In conclusion, this study showed that the standard RT 60 Gy in 2 Gy fr is insufficient for glioblastoma, and it suggested that biological effects might differ significantly according to each fraction size of radiation and α/β ratio of the linear quadratic (LQ) model.
Description: 博士(医学)・甲第838号・令和4年3月15日
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10564/4021
ISSN: 13450069
Academic Degrees and number: 24601A838
Degree-granting date: 2022-03-15
Degree name: 博士(医学)
Degree-granting institutions: 奈良県立医科大学
Appears in Collections:2021年度

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