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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10564/3816

Title: Application of a Customized Total Talar Prosthesis for Revision Total Ankle Arthroplasty.
Other Titles: 人工足関節再置換術におけるカスタムメイド全置換型人工距骨の応用
Authors: Morita, Shigeki
Taniguchi, Akira
Miyamoto, Takuma
Kurokawa, Hiroaki
Tanaka, Yasuhito
Issue Date: Oct-2020
Publisher: The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
Citation: Journal of bone and joint surgery open access Vol.5 No.4 Article No.e20.00034 (2020 Oct)
Abstract: Background: The rate of revision surgery for total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is higher than for hip and knee arthroplasties. Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis is widely used; however, it requires a large allograft. Thus, the use of a customized total talar prosthesis in combination with the tibial component of TAA (combined TAA) may be an effective strategy for talar component subsidence. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiographic effectiveness of the combined TAA in such revision cases. Methods: Between 2000 and 2015, 10 patients (10 women; 10 ankles) were treated using the combined TAA for revision after standard TAA or combined procedures that included the use of a talar body prosthesis. In 6 patients, the tibial component was concurrently replaced. The median follow-up period was 49 months (interquartile range [IQR], 24.5 to 90 months). The Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) ankle-hindfoot scale score, a numerical rating scale (NRS) pain score, passive range of motion of the ankle, and the presence of osteophytes and degenerative changes in the adjacent joints were assessed preoperatively and at final postoperative follow-up. Results: The median NRS pain score improved significantly, from 7 (IQR, 6.25 to 8.75) to 2 (IQR, 1 to 3). The median JSSF ankle-hindfoot scale total score improved significantly, from 64 (IQR, 56.25 to 71.5) to 88.5 (IQR, 79.75 to 96). In the subcategories of this scale, the median pain score improved from 20 (IQR, 20 to 27.5) to 35 (IQR, 30 to 40), and the median function score improved from 34 (IQR, 26.5 to 37) to 43.5 (IQR, 39.75 to 46). The median range of motion improved from 29° (IQR, 25.5° to 35°) to 35° (IQR, 31.25° to 43.75°). No significant difference in osteophyte formation was found. Degenerative changes in the adjacent joint were found only in the talonavicular joint. Conclusions: The combined TAA, used in revision for postoperative complications after standard TAA or combined procedures including the use of a talar body prosthesis, was associated with improved objective JSSF ankle-hindfoot scale scores, subjective pain assessment, and range of motion in the ankle. Level of evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Description: 博士(医学)・甲第758号・令和2年12月24日
Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated. All rights reserved. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10564/3816
ISSN: 24727245
Academic Degrees and number: 24601A758
Degree-granting date: 2020-12-24
Degree name: 博士(医学)
Degree-granting institutions: 奈良県立医科大学
Appears in Collections:2020年度

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