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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10564/3425

Title: Hemoglobin Vesicles prolong the time to circulatory collapse in rats during apnea.
Other Titles: ヘモグロビン小胞体は無呼吸ラットにおいて循環虚脱までの時間を延長させる
Authors: Naito, Yusuke
Sakai, Hiromi
Inoue, Satoki
Kawaguchi, Masahiko
Keywords: Hemoglobin Vesicles
Artificial red blood cells
Apnea
Hypoxia
Issue Date: 14-Mar-2017
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: BMC anesthesiology Vol.17 No.1 Article No.44 (2017 Mar)
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin vesicles (HbV) are hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers manufactured by liposome encapsulation of hemoglobin molecules. We hypothesised that the infusion of oxygenated HbV could prolong the time to circulatory collapse during apnea in rats. METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (Air, Oxy, NS and HbV). The rats were anaesthetized with isoflurane and the trachea was intubated using 14-gauge intravenous catheters. Rats in the Air group were mechanically ventilated with 1.5% isoflurane in room air, and those in other groups received 1.5% isoflurane in 100% oxygen. Mechanical ventilation was withdrawn 1 min after the administration of rocuronium bromide to induce apnea. After 30 s, 6 mL saline and HbV boluses were infused at a rate of 0.1 mL/s in the NS and HbV groups, respectively. Circulatory collapse was defined as a pulse pressure < 20 mmHg and the time to reach this point (PP20) was compared between the groups. The results were analysed via a one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Holm-Sidak test. RESULTS: PP20 times were 30.4 ± 4.2 s, 67.5 ± 9.7 s, 95 ± 17.3 s and 135 ± 38.2 s for the Air (ventilated in room air with no fluid bolus), Oxy (ventilated with 100% oxygen with no fluid bolus), NS (ventilated with 100% oxygen with a normal saline bolus), and HbV (ventilated in 100% oxygen with an HbV bolus) groups, respectively, and differed significantly between the four groups (P = 0.0001). The PP20 times in the HbV group were significantly greater than in the Air (P = 0.0001), Oxy (P = 0.007) and NS (P = 0.04) groups. CONCLUSION: Infusion of oxygenated HbV prolongs the time to circulatory collapse during apnea in rats.
Description: 博士(医学)・甲第680号・平成30年3月15日
© The Author(s). 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10564/3425
ISSN: 14712253
Academic Degrees and number: 24601A680
Degree-granting date: 2018-03-15
Degree name: 博士(医学)
Degree-granting institutions: 奈良県立医科大学
Appears in Collections:2017年度

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