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タイトル: Distinctive Rorschach profiles of young adults with schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder.
その他のタイトル: 青年期の統合失調症と自閉スペクトラム症のロールシャッハ・テスト反応の相違
著者: Kishimoto, Naoko
Yamamuro, Kazuhiko
Iida, Junzo
Ota, Toyosaku
Tanaka, Shohei
Kyo, Masanori
Kimoto, Sohei
Kishimoto, Toshifumi
キーワード: autism spectrum disorder
perception
psychopathology
Rorschach test
schizophrenia
発行日: 2016年9月21日
出版者: Dove Press
引用: Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment Vol.12 p.2403-2410 (2016 Sep)
抄録: OBJECTIVE: The differential diagnosis of schizophrenia (SZ) versus autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be clinically challenging because accumulating evidence suggests both clinical and biological overlaps between them. The aim of this study was to compare Rorschach profiles between young adults with SZ and those with ASD. METHODS: We evaluated quantitative tendencies on the Rorschach test among 20 patients diagnosed with SZ and 20 diagnosed with ASD. Both groups were matched for age, sex, and intelligence quotient. RESULTS: We found significant differences in six response variables on the Rorschach comprehensive system. Those with SZ had significantly higher scores on D score, adjusted D score (Adj D), developmental quality code reflecting ordinary response (DQo), and form quality minus (FQ -) than those with ASD. In contrast, those with SZ had significantly lower scores on the active and developmental quality code reflecting synthesized response (DQ+) subscales than those with ASD. CONCLUSION: The present findings reveal that individuals with SZ might have more stress tolerance, stronger perception distortions, and simpler and poorer recognition than those with ASD. We suggest that the Rorschach test might be a useful tool for differentiating between SZ and ASD.
内容記述: 博士(医学)・乙第1386号・平成28年11月24日
© 2016 Kishimoto et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms (https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).
The definitive version is available at " https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S116223 "
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10564/3291
ISSN: 11766328
学位授与番号: 24601B1386
学位授与年月日: 2016-11-24
学位名: 博士(医学)
学位授与機関: 奈良県立医科大学
出現コレクション:2016年度

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